This report presents examples of the use of remotely operated and autonomous drones (aerial, floating and submarine) in the petroleum sector and development trends within drone technology. The report highlights important HSE issues and discusses recommendations and measures for ensuring safe use of drone technology in the petroleum industry.
Challenges and opportunities for the use of drones
The purpose of this report is to present examples of the use of remotely operated and autonomous drones in the petroleum sector and to identify the important development trends within drone technology. Challenges and opportunities for the use of drones in the High North are given particular emphasis. The report addresses the technologies and applications of flying drones, drones on the sea surface and underwater drones. It describes how drones are currently used and what tasks they may fulfil in the future. The report describes challenges concerning the use of drones in the petroleum industry and proposed measures.
Risks associated with drone technology
This report gives a general overview of identified risks associated with drone technology and drone operations. Critical drone-related sub-technologies include communication with control rooms and operators and geolocation (determining the drone’s own position). Mechanical robustness in the face of harsh environmental conditions and the handling of error situations are also critical for industrial use. In addition to this, operator interfaces, in respect of both drone operators and control rooms, are crucial for conducting drone operations in safety. Based on requirements and the industry's approach to risk management, the report discusses the need to identify and systematise challenges associated with drones and drone operations and to implement measures to ensure safe use of this technology.